The 1775 launching of the USS Hannah led Beverly to lay claim to be the birthplace of the US Navy, a claim also made by Marblehead MA (due to the heavy influence of Marblehead in the Hannah's construction), Whitehall NY, Machias ME, Providence RI and Philadelphia PA. Beverly has since emphasized its use by the Continental forces as a naval base. Beverly Farms, a section of town known as a resort area for wealthy patrons, was the developers' source of the name of the California town of Beverly Hills. Beverly was named for the Yorkshire, England town of Beverley.
Originally called Exeter, the town's residents decided in 1778 to name the municipality Franklin in honor of Benjamin Franklin. Franklin acknowledged the honor by donating 116 books, which were used to establish the country's first public library.
First settled in 1623, the famous fishing center of Gloucester has few competitors for the title of America's Oldest Port. The city was named for the English city of Gloucester.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and was a noted civil rights leader until his death in 1965. Great Barrington was named for a village in Gloucestershire, England.
Originally called Number Six, Henniker was incorporated in 1768 and named for London merchant Sir John Henniker. It is the only town in the world that bears the name Henniker.
Named for Sir Wills Hill, Earl of Hillsborough, the town is best known as the birthplace of Franklin Pierce, elected 14th President of the United States in 1852.
Four Revolutionary War veterans associated with Nottingham reached the rank of General in the Continental Army (Joseph Cilley, Henry Dearborn) or following the war (Henry Butler, Thomas Bartlett) in the New Hampshire Militia. The town was named for Daniel Finch, Earl of Nottingham.
Located on the Old York Road, a main highway through New Jersey, near three major battle sites, Trenton, Princeton and Monmouth, Allentown saw its share of military operations, changing hands three times during the war.
The seat of Cumberland County, Bridgeton has the largest historic district in New Jersey, numbering over 2000 structures of varying kinds.
Although Carlstadt claims the first kindergarten in the United States, that honor is generally considered to belong to Watertown, WI. Founded by German settlers, Carlstadt derives its name from their leader, Dr. Carl Klein (Carl's city).
Although he died of tuberculosis at the age of 29, David Brainerd is widely remembered for his indefatigable evangelical efforts among American Indians in what is now New Jersey. Bypassed by major highways, Cranbury's downtown has managed to retain its 18th- and 19th-century charm.
Dunellen's nickname of "Railroad Town" derives from its development following the establishment of a station on the Elizabethtown and Somerville Railroad line (later absorbed by the Jersey Central) and the location in the town of a railroad roundhouse.
Eagleswood's location fronting on Little Egg Harbor naturally gives it a marine orientation. Two types of shallow-draft boats were developed here, the Barnegat garvey, used for clamming, and the Barnegat sneakbox, in which a duck hunter can recline and camouflage himself while hunting.
Despite its name, Egg Harbor City lies about 15 miles from any harbor. It can, however, claim a beauty queen.
Originally Franklin Furnace, the town was named for Benjamin Franklin. In the Franklin area may be found over 150 minerals, 25 of which occur only in the vicinity of Franklin. Many of the minerals are fluorescent; examples are exhibited in the Franklin Mineral Museum.
During the summer of 1778, George Washington saw a chance to attack British troops as they marched from Philadelphia to debarkation from Sandy Hook. The armies met near Monmouth Court House (Freehold). The Continental soldiers fought well, but a blunder by Gen. Charles Lee turned a possible victory into a draw and the British were able to disengage and continue to Sandy Hook. The fight did demonstrate that the Continental soldiers could stand up to British regulars. The battlefield, in what is now Freehold and Manalapan Townships, is preserved in a state park.
Garfield's nickname "City of Champions" refers to the titles won by its high school football teams, most notably the 1939 win over Miami High School for the mythical national high school championship. A new train station in town was named for President James Garfield after his 1881 assassination and the town, then known as East Passaic, also took the name, but Garfield has no actual connection with the city.
Washington Rock, commemorated in a state park, is a lookout in the Watchung Mountains from which Gen. George Washington kept track of British troop movements in New York City and northern New Jersey.